the Prince Imperials death the succession to the throne would normally
have passed to the Prince Imperial’s brother Don Angel. However
Don Angel in turn and at the request of the then reigning Emperor
Maximilian of Mexico abdicated his rights to his only child Don Augustin,
who had by then been adopted by the Emperor Maximilian.
15 1865 Maximilian Emperor of Mexico concluded an agreement with the
Iturbide family the culmination of which was the adoption by the Emperor
of two of the grandsons of the Emperor Augustin I namely Don Augustin
and Don Salvador.
the conclusion and signing of this agreement, Don Augustin was
nominated heir to the throne. The children’s titles of Prince
accorded the family in 1822 were confirmed. Maximilian’s idea
in making Don Augustin his heir was presumably to combine in one person
his own and the native claims under the house of Habsburg - Iturbide.
Perhaps he felt that through this measure he could hold out to the
Mexican people the hope that the sceptre would descend to a full blooded
Mexican of Imperial lineage.
was educated at San Michele and at Ascot school. He later attended
university at Georgetown where he graduated with a degree of Bachelor
of Philosophy. It was noted in many newspapers of the day that during
his sojourn in Europe he enjoyed all the social advantages, which
are given to an Imperial Prince.
his studies and the tour of Europe he returned to Mexico. He soon
became the figurehead for the monarchist movement and most of the
conservative forces opposed to the dictatorial President Diaz including
the church. In 1890 President Porfirio Diaz claiming that Don Augustin
was interfering in political affairs and fearing his ever growing
popularity had Don Augustin imprisoned for 14 months and upon his
release exiled him from Mexico confiscating all of his extensive property.
went into exile in Washington DC and was for many years professor
of French and Spanish at his old alma mater Georgetown University.
Following his 14 months in prison and subsequent exile Don Augustin
suffered a severe nervous breakdown. Some years later his nervous
condition returned and he became convinced that the Mexican government
were arranging his assassination. This obsession progressively got
worse and eventually led to a complete physical breakdown. In the
spring of 1925 he died. He was buried in Philadelphia next to his
grandmother the Empress.
Augustin had married Maria Louise Kearney but this union remained
childless. Upon his death his claim to the throne passed to his niece
and the descendant of the other adopted grandson of the Emperor Augustin